Useful to God (part 2)
Lesson 4

Lesson Four

Peter: The Man Who Knew

Texts: Matthew 4:18-20; 16:13-20

In the texts you are asked to read today, there are two incidents drawn to your attention. For either incident to occur, it took a great deal of insight. In each, Peter demonstrated his faith in ways that many of us would be hesitant to consider. In the first, Peter left his job, his means of income, to be Jesus' disciple with no promise of income. Those who are older might say Peter acted impetuously without thinking through the consequences of his decision. Scripture does not say how long Jesus' earthly ministry lasted, but most think it lasted around three years. That would mean Peter went for three years without a job. Wonder how his wife (Matthew 8:14) managed during this period?

It is assumed Peter had seen and heard Jesus previously. It is assumed Peter attached grave significance to Jesus' teachings. Whatever Peter knew and heard, the Gospel of Matthew says he left his nets "immediately" in order to follow Jesus. To do such quickly would take a lot of courage. It suggests that Peter saw something in Jesus that most others did not see. Peter paid an "immediate" price in real terms to accept Jesus' invitation to discipleship. Peter left to follow and be taught how to be "fishers of men."

Much later, Peter was following Jesus in the area of Caesarea Philippi (with the 11 others) when Jesus asked all of them, "Who do people say I am?" By this time, Jesus was a major "news item" among the Jewish people. Both Jesus' teachings and miracles were a steady topic of conversation. People discussed where Jesus was, what he said, and what he did (just as we do about people who do the unusual). Among the Jewish people, Jesus, his teachings, and his miracles had to be explained. Jesus, his teachings, and his acts were too unusual to be ignored. So, Jesus asked, "How do people explain me? Who do people say I am?"

Several of the 12 responded to that question. All of them had heard people discussing Jesus' identity, explaining his deeds. Remember even Nicodemus, a Pharisee in the Jerusalem Sanhedrin, had an opinion about Jesus--Jesus was a teacher from God (John 3:2). Some said he was John the Baptist. Remember when Herod Antipas explained Jesus by saying he was John resurrected (Matthew 14:1, 2)? Some said Jesus was Elijah. However, John and his work was the promised work of Elijah (see Matthew 11:9, 10, 14; 17:9-13). Still others said Jesus was Jeremiah or one of the prophets.

In this impressive list there is one striking omission. No one in Jewish society (at this time, in the disciples' hearing) explained Jesus, his teachings, or his deeds by saying he was the Messiah or Christ. For Jesus to be ranked with the forerunner of the Messiah or as one of the great Jewish prophets was acceptable to some. However, to say he was the Messiah (at this time) was not within Jewish thought. Jesus could indicate the Messiah was coming or be God's great spokesman, but he was not the Messiah himself.

Then Jesus asked, "Who do you say I am?" We might say, "What do you think? In your understanding of me, who am I?" Though many (maybe all) of the 12 had a response for Jesus' first question, the second question met with an astounding temporary silence. All 12 did not immediately fill in what is to us the obvious gap. The 12 men who were closest to Jesus, who heard everything he said everywhere he went, who saw everything he did everywhere he was, did not chime in as one chorus and say, "You are the Messiah!"

Only Peter understood something that the others did not see. Only Peter said, "You are the Christ, the son of the living God." (This is the second incident.) Jesus blessed him for seeing the obvious. He did not understand this from human deduction based on what occurred. He understood this truth because God revealed it to him. (It is not my understanding that God forced this understanding on Peter, but that he was open to God revealing the obvious to him.) However Peter's understanding came, he saw something the others did not see. He had the courage and honesty to see beyond the expected. The expected regarding Jewish thought in reference to the Messiah did not blind him to a revelation of the obvious. Too many who know Jesus do not understand the significance of who he is. Too often the expected blinds people to the obvious.

The foundation of his rule as the Lord is based on the truth he was (is) the Messiah that God promised Abraham in Genesis 12:3. Not even death would prevent him from being Lord over the people who are ruled by God (in each generation). To this man, Peter, who had so many flaws and weaknesses, was given by Jesus the keys of the kingdom. He opened the kingdom to the Jews in Acts 2. He opened the kingdom to everyone in Acts 10.

Peter was given the opportunity to "bind and loose," which was given to all the 12 in Matthew 18:1, 18. This is not to be understood as an arbitrary, capricious "binding and loosing." Read John 14:10-17; 16:7-15, 23; and Luke 12:11, 12. All these statements were made to the 12. They would be equipped to "loose and bind" because they were guided to say what God wanted them to say.

Did the fact that Peter understood through revelation that Jesus was the Christ mean Peter understood everything about Jesus being God's Christ? No. Obviously in Acts 10, the fact that Jesus (and God) intended non-Jews to become Christians was not (at first) understood by Peter. It took a lot to convince Peter he should go to Cornelius!

When you see Peter's flaws, also see his courage. In spite of your flaws, have the courage to represent Jesus Christ.

For Thought and Discussion

  1. How did Peter respond to Jesus' invitation to follow Jesus?

     

  2. How quickly does Matthew say Peter accepted the invitation? What would that take? What does Peter's acceptance suggest?

     

  3. What was the first question Jesus asked the 12 in the area of Caesarea Philippi? What response did the 12 give? What omission existed?

     

  4. What was the second question Jesus asked the 12? Who answered? What did he say?

     

  5. Peter had the courage and honesty to do what?

     

  6. What is the foundation of Jesus' rule as the Lord?

     

  7. Discuss the "binding and loosing" Jesus mentioned.

     

  8. Discuss the fact that Peter did not understand everything about Jesus being the Christ.

     

  9. What should Peter's example in these two incidents encourage us to do?


Link to Teacher's Guide

Copyright 2008
David Chadwell & West-Ark Church of Christ

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