prepared by David W. Chadwell
Overheads for Introduction
Overhead # 1:
This quarter we will study two of the Minor Prophets:
Jonah and Malachi.
If you would like to do some research, The Minor Prophets,
by Jack P. Lewis, is a good starting point and a practical
Our objective: to understand why the Old Testament
prophets have an invaluable message for us today.
Overhead # 2:
The written prophets who had brief messages in the
Christians refer to them as Minor Prophets.
1. Minor does not mean their messages were (are) insignificant.
2. Minor only referred to the fact that they were brief in
comparison to lengthy books like Isaiah and Jeremiah.
In Judaism they are called "The Book of the Twelve."
1. Only Christians refer to scriptures prior to Jesus as the "Old Testament."
2. Christians also place the books of the Old Testament in different
categories than did Israelites.
3. Israelites considered the books of Joshua through Kings as the
"former prophets." Christians refer to these books as history.
4. Israelites called the entire section of written prophets as the
"later prophets." "The Book of the Twelve" was considered a
section of the "later prophets."
Overhead # 3:
The concept of a prophet:
1. Basically prophets were teachers guided by God.
2. They were God appointed, not self appointed.
3. Primarily they addressed the moral and religious decay
and decline in their day.
Overhead # 4:
Things to keep in mind:
1. A man was moved by God's Spirit (the Holy Spirit). 2 Peter 1:20-21.
2. He did not introduce a strange religion, but called people back
to God's will. Deuteronomy 13:1-5.
3. When a true prophet declared something would happen, it came to pass.
4. Yet, often a prophecy was conditional--human repentance was a
primary factor. Jeremiah 18:5-11.
Overhead # 5:
The prophet Jonah:
1. This writing is about the man, not about what he said.
2. This book is the only prophet that is in narrative form.
3. He is the only prophet in which miracles play an important role:
the storm, the calm, the fish, the gourd--each shows God's power.
4. He is the only prophet to speak to foreign people on foreign soil.
5. He is the only prophet who was noted as traveling on the Mediterranean Sea.
6. He is the only minor prophet mentioned by Jesus.
7. His prophecy emphasized God is the God of all people (to an extent
not found in the other prophets).
8. He lived in the Northern Kingdom of Israel.
9. It was a time of easy living and prosperity.
10. When he fled, he left in the opposite direction God wanted him to go.
Chapter 1 Questions
- Why did God want Jonah to go to Ninevah? (verse 2)
- What was Jonah's reaction? (verse 3)
- What was God's reaction? (verse 4)
- What was the sailors' reaction? (verse 5)
- What was Jonah's first reaction in the boat? (verse 5)
- What was the captain's reaction? (verse 6)
- What was the sailors' second reaction? (verse 7)
- When the sailors asked Jonah how he offended God, what did Jonah explain? (verse 10)
- When the sailors asked Jonah what to do, what did he tell them to do? (verse 12)
- What did the sailors do? (verse 13)
- What did the sailors pray? (verse 14)
- What happened to the sea when the sailors threw Jonah overboard? (verse 15)
- What happened to Jonah when he was thrown overboard? (verse 17)
Chapter 2 Questions
- Where did Jonah say he was when he prayed? (verse 2)
- What was Jonah's first experience in the sea? (verse 3)
- Was he out of God's sight? (verse 4)
- Did he think he was going to die? (verses 5, 6)
- What did he remember? (verse 7)
- What contrast did he make between himself and the image worshippers? (verses 8, 9)
- What was his attitude? (verse 9)
- What happened? (verse 10)
Chapter 3 Questions
- What second directive came from the Lord to Jonah? (verse 1, 2)
- What are we told about Ninevah? (verse 3)
- What was Jonah's message? (verse 4)
- What was the reaction to his message? (verses 5-8)
- Why did the people react in this way? (verse 9)
- How did their repentance affect God? (verse 10)
Chapter 4 Questions
- How did God's reaction affect Jonah? (verse 1)
- What did Jonah say in his prayer? (verses 2, 3)
- What question did God ask Jonah? (verse 4)
- What did Jonah do? (verse 5)
- What did God do? How did Jonah react? (verse 6)
- What happened to the plant early the next day? (verse 7)
- What happened to Jonah the next day? (verse 8)
- What did God ask Jonah about the plant? How did Jonah respond? (verse 9)
- What contrast did God make between Jonah's compassion and God's compassion? (verses 10, 11)
Copyright © January 2003
David Chadwell & West-Ark Church of Christ