With all the differences God handled successfully in the first century, we
need to allow God to teach us that He can handle ours. It was we, not God, that
decided He could not handle our differences in the church. It was we, not God,
who decided our differences were too much for God to handle.
Let us begin with a very brief review of our past lessons. First, we examined
our concept of unity. We noted that God's concept of unity includes diversity.
Second, to illustrate God's concept of unity, we noted the differences between
Jesus the Son and God the Father when Jesus prayed John 17. Third, we noted from
Ephesians 2 that even though Christians did not fully understand what God had
done for them in Christ, God still did it. God's achievements in Jesus Christ do
not depend on human understanding or human permission!
Today, we want to go to Romans 14 for a third illustration. We want to begin
by reading Romans 14:1-23. Please read with me or listen carefully as I read. (I
am reading from the New American Standard Translation.)
Now accept the one who is weak in faith, but not for the purpose of passing
judgment on his opinions. One person has faith that he may eat all things, but
he who is weak eats vegetables only. The one who eats is not to regard with
contempt the one who does not eat, and the one who does not eat is not to judge
the one who eats, for God has accepted him. Who are you to judge the servant of
another? To his own master he stands or falls; and he will stand, for the Lord
is able to make him stand. One person regards one day above another, another
regards every day alike. Each person must be fully convinced in his own mind. He
who observes the day, observes it for the Lord, and he who eats, does so for the
Lord, for he gives thanks to God; and he who eats not, for the Lord he does not
eat, and gives thanks to God. For not one of us lives for himself, and not one
dies for himself; for if we live, we live for the Lord, or if we die, we die for
the Lord; therefore whether we live or die, we are the Lordís. For to this end
Christ died and lived again, that He might be Lord both of the dead and of the
living. But you, why do you judge your brother? Or you again, why do you regard
your brother with contempt? For we will all stand before the judgment seat of
God. For it is written, ďAs I live, says the Lord, every knee shall bow to Me,
And every tongue shall give praise to God.Ē So then each one of us will give an
account of himself to God. Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but
rather determine thisónot to put an obstacle or a stumbling block in a brotherís
way. I know and am convinced in the Lord Jesus that nothing is unclean in
itself; but to him who thinks anything to be unclean, to him it is unclean. For
if because of food your brother is hurt, you are no longer walking according to
love. Do not destroy with your food him for whom Christ died. Therefore do not
let what is for you a good thing be spoken of as evil; for the kingdom of God is
not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.
For he who in this way serves Christ is acceptable to God and approved by men.
So then let us pursue the things which make for peace and the building up of one
another. Do not tear down the work of God for the sake of food. All things
indeed are clean, but they are evil for the man who eats and gives offense. It
is good not to eat meat or to drink wine, or to do anything by which your
brother stumbles. The faith which you have, have as your own conviction before
God. Happy is he who does not condemn himself in what he approves. But he who
doubts is condemned if he eats, because his eating is not from faith; and
whatever is not from faith is sin.
- We want to begin by noting one of the disagreements between Jewish Christians
called Judaizers and gentile Christians.
- Please understand that the understanding of Jewish Christians like Paul were the
exception, not the common situation.
- People like Barnabas, Silas, Timothy, Aquila and Priscilla, etc. were Jewish
Christians who grasped what God did in Jesus' death and resurrection.
- They never taught Jews to abandon their Jewishness, but to see their past and
God's promises to them in the past as being fulfilled in Jesus Christ. (Consider such passages as Acts 21:19-24 and 22:3, 12, 17.)
- However, never did Paul teach gentiles that they had to adopt Jewish practices.
- Gentile salvation did not, in any way, depend on the Jews' covenant
responsibilities with God.
- There was an unfolding of God's work, not a rejection of God's past work.
- Jews who believed in Jesus Christ were to understand this unfolding so that "all
families of the earth" (Genesis 12:3) could find God's salvation blessings in
- Judaizers did not see how gentiles could possible come directly to God through
Jesus Christ without first being indoctrinated into Judaism (the Jewish religion).
- Unconverted gentiles had the wrong concept of divinity--they worshipped idols,
not the one true living God.
- Unconverted gentiles did not know the correct concepts of worship.
- Unconverted gentiles did not have the right values reflected in their moral
values, in their concepts of right and wrong.
- Unconverted gentiles did not know the correct way to live.
- The Judaizers' solution:
- "Allow us to destroy their heathen concepts."
- "Allow us to teach then the right concepts of God."
- "Allow us to teach them the right way to live."
- "Allow us to circumcise them."
- "Then--and only then--will they be ready to come to God through Christ."
- The Judaizers' concept:
- "Let us destroy all that is wrong in them first."
- "Then they will be prepared to learn how to be alive to God through Jesus
- To show you parts of this view from scripture, I direct your attention to Acts
- In Acts 15:1, 2, some Jewish Christians came from Judea (the area of Jerusalem
and the first church) and taught gentile Christians (the brethren) in Antioch:
""Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be
- Note circumcision is a salvation issue.
- Note this was taught to gentiles who were Christians or brethren.
- Note that not even Paul and Barnabas (who has just converted gentiles to Jesus
Christ) could stop this incorrect teaching.
- Note the question had to be referred to Jerusalem and to the apostles and
- In Acts 15:5 when the issue arrived in Jerusalem, some Pharisees who believed in
Jesus Christ said:
"It is necessary to circumcise them, and to direct them to observe the Law of
- After a thorough discussion of the matter, after James announced it was
unnecessary for gentiles to be Jewish proselytes before becoming Christians,
James suggested that the Christian leaders write gentile Christians a letter to
confirm the decision. In the letter (Acts 15:24) this statement is declared:
"Since we have heard that some of our number to whom we gave no instruction have
disturbed you with their words, unsettling your souls . . ."
- Note there were some Jewish Christians who claimed to represent the Jerusalem
church leadership, but did not.
- Note these people said that those who were not circumcised according to the
custom of Moses could not be saved.
- These people were saying it was not enough to come to God through Jesus Christ.
- I hope you have your Bibles and can follow me in your Bible--turn to Romans 14
and first consider the first 12 verses.
- Verse one introduces us to two different kinds of Christians Paul wished his
readers to consider: the Christian who is weak in the faith and (by implication)
the Christian who is strong in the faith.
- First, consider the Christian who is weak in the faith.
- The purpose of possessing knowledge is to judge others by his or her
understanding and the standards that come from that understanding.
- He or she is a vegetarian; for faith reasons meat is not eaten.
- To him or her, there are special religious days--like the Sabbath, or Pentecost,
or the Passover.
- He or she thought his or her evaluation of other Christians determined if the
other Christians were acceptable to God or unacceptable to God.
- Second, consider the Christians who were strong in the faith.
- He or she understands that the purpose of knowledge is to provide the person a
lifestyle--another person is not acceptable or unacceptable to God because of
- He or she eats anything, including all meats, and we are talking about the
person eating anything for faith reasons.
- To him or her, no day had religious significance over any other day--what a
Christian does on the Sabbath, or on Pentecost, or on the Passover was not
- Basic understandings affirmed by Paul:
- Rule one: one is not a Christian for the purpose of passing judgments on another
Christian's religious conclusions.
- Rule two: we are not judges of other Christians, but servants of the Lord.
- Rule three: God understands why a Christian does what he or she does, even when
his or her behavior differs from other Christians. God through Christ can and
will make both Christians endure--even if they differ from each other.
- Rule four: understand the motive prompting the act of the Christian.
- If a Christian is a vegetarian or a meat-eater, even thought they act
differently, they do what they do for the same reason--to honor God!
- If a Christian observes a special religious day or does not, both do it for the
same reason--to honor God!
- Paul's conclusion is powerful: the Christian's objective is to be alive in
Christ (remember Galatians 2:20--"I have been crucified with Christ . . . and
Christ lives in me.")
- The objective is to die to self.
- The objective is to die to my former lifestyle.
- The objective is to be alive in Christ.
- God will take care of the judging, so you take care of the serving by being
alive in Christ.
- "Paul, what is going on?"
- First, you need to understand worship practices in the first century (and
- Worshippers of a god, including Jews, sacrificed to the god they worshipped.
- As a part of the worship act, the worshipper ate part of the sacrifice (see 1
Samuel 1:4-8, and also consider the Passover lamb).
- Evidently, what happened in Rome was the fact that Jewish Christians did not
know if the meat at the meat market had been sacrificed to an idol or not, so to
avoid sacrificial meat, they became vegetarians.
- Gentile Christians said what one ate did not matter because idolatrous gods did
not exist, so they ate anything sold in the meat market.
- God knew why both did what they did.
- What we would regard as an expression of spiritual strength (vegetarianism for
faith's sake) Paul said was spiritual weakness.
- Second, we need to understand how difficult it is to leave past religious
- We all carry some baggage from our religious past into our practices as a
- For the person in Judaism, it was demanding to give up 1500 years of acts and
standards when they became Christians.
- There were important religious reasons for living as they lived--they kept the
Sabbath and Passover at God's instruction, there were certain things they did
not eat because of God's instructions, even their clothing (such as the wearing
of tassels) was influenced by God's instructions.
- How do you go against God to obey God? That understanding was not simple! To
understand Jesus Christ as a divine fulfillment of divine promises was not
simple! It is easy to trust one's obedient acts rather than the God behind the